Last Updated on 26/06/2022 by Steve Wanjie
Causes of arthritis.
Arthritis is a condition that affects the joints and cartilage around them.
There are different types of arthritis, some more common than others.
Learn about the causes and how it can be treated here.
What is Arthritis?
Arthritis is a group of diseases that make the joints painful and stiff.
According to mayoclinic.org;
“Arthritis is the swelling or tenderness of one or more joints.”
There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
It typically affects the joints in a part of the body.
The most common types are osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and gouty arthritis.
Another way of explaining what arthritis is:
Arthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can develop in any joint in the body.
It is often referred to as the “wear and tear” disease because it is caused by aging joints and cartilage deterioration.
Arthritis can cause pain, inflammation, stiffness, deformity, loss of function and may lead to disability.
Causes of Arthritis: Arthritis Meaning
What is the meaning of arthritis?
The word ‘arthritis’ is often used to describe the symptoms of a disease that can cause a lot of pain, swelling, and stiffness in a joint or joints.
Arthritis is a chronic disease, which means that it does not resolve on its own or go away.
It is characterized by inflammation of the joints.
It is an autoimmune disease, which means that the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells and tissues.
The inflammation causes pain, stiffness, and loss of motion in the joints.
The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
There are other forms as well:
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Gouty arthritis
- Lupus erythematosus
What age group is likely to get arthritis?
Arthritis can affect people of all ages, even children and teenagers.
What Causes Arthritis?
There are many factors that contribute to the development of arthritis.
- Joint Injury
One factor is injury, which can cause an abnormal metabolism in joints.
How does a joint injury cause arthritis?
Joint injuries can cause arthritis by damaging cartilage in the joints.
While not all joint injuries lead to arthritis, there are many cases where they do.
Joint injuries are commonly caused by trauma to the joint, repetitive injury, or overuse.
Another factor is genetics, where people may inherit genes that make them prone to developing the disease.
How does Genetics cause arthritis?
The modern-day understanding of the relationship between genetics and arthritis is that genetics may predispose an individual to develop arthritis.
This predisposition may be because of a shared genetic risk factor such as a gene, or it might be because genes play a role in determining how the immune system reacts to joint tissue.
Thus, you may inherit the condition from your parents.
- Infections and Inflamation
Infections and inflammation can also lead to immune system dysfunction (imbalanced or weakened response by the body’s immune system).
Infections are actually one of the most common causes of arthritis.
And it is not just any infection – it is an infection that triggers an autoimmune response in the body.
The immune system may accidentally mistake a harmless particle as a threat to the body, and attack it.
Sometimes, the immune system will recognize healthy cells as invaders and attack them too.
When this happens, inflammation ensues, which can lead to pain and damage to joints.
This means that every time you have an infection
– either bacterial or viral
– there is a chance that your body’s antibodies will mistakenly see some cells as foreign invaders and start attacking them without remorse or mercy.
The following are possible ways in which the infection can lead to arthritis:
1) Autoimmune response against joint lining tissues- if the body’s immune system mistakenly identifies joint lining tissues as foreign, it will attack them causing inflammation and swelling around the joints, leading to pain and stiffness.
2) Infections can cause injury to articular cartilage- when there is bacteria in the joint, it releases toxins that will destroy the cartilage cushioning between joints causing them to rub against each other causing pain.
3) The bacteria that causes arthritis might also be present in our bloodstream- if found in the blood, it might not be present in other body fluids.
This is because there are different types of bacteria, some of which are only found in one type of fluid.
The immune system usually protects us from bacteria and viruses, but in some cases, it makes antibodies that attack our own tissue.
This condition is called autoimmune disorder or autoimmunity.
Autoantibodies attack healthy cells and tissues instead of foreign invaders causing inflammation and pain to the joints.
- Abnormal Metabolism
The abnormal metabolism of the cells in the joint causes arthritis.
Arthritis is a chronic disease that is mainly caused by the degradation of the joints. This degradation is an effect of abnormal metabolism.
The causes of abnormal metabolism vary from person to person as there are many factors that contribute to this condition.
In general, people with increased visceral fat stores, those who have a sedentary lifestyle, those who have diabetes, or those who have high blood pressure are more at risk for developing arthritis due to their associated metabolic abnormalities and complications.
- Joint Pain
Joint pain can range from mild to severe and may be felt in one or many joints depending on the type of arthritis.
- Redness or Warmth around a joint
- Morning stiffness
- Joint contractures
- Deformity of the joints
- Bone erosion or wearing away over time
- Low blood count
- Decreased immune function
- Loss of function in a joint
Types of Arthritis
What are the different types of arthritis?
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
There are two main types of rheumatoid arthritis:
a) systemic rheumatoid arthritis
Systemic rheumatoid arthritis affects the whole body
b) Localized rheumatoid arthritis
Localized rheumatoid arthritis only affects the joints in one part of the body.
Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear on the joints over time, but its signs and symptoms are more gradual than other forms of inflammatory diseases like psoriatic arthritis or lupus.
- Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is one type of arthritis that can cause pain and swell in the joints, especially those in your fingers.
It can also cause pain or stiffness in your lower back, hips, and knees. PsA is caused by the immune system attacking healthy cells like those found in your joints.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)
Systemic lupus erythematosus, or lupus, is an autoimmune disease that can affect many different parts of the body.
Lupus is caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors such as smoking and sun exposure.
Lupus affects more women than men, according to the Lupus Foundation of America.
The disease does not discriminate based on ethnicity or socioeconomic status.
It is a chronic, autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack its own tissues and organs.
It can affect many different body systems, but it most commonly affects the skin, joints, and kidneys.
- Ankylosing spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of inflammatory arthritis.
It affects the spine and the sacroiliac joints, resulting in stiffness and pain.
In most cases, people with this condition develop a spinal fusion from the base of the spine to the neck.
This leads to a loss of flexibility in this area and presents a high risk of disability.
It is often accompanied by fatigue, fever, and weight loss.
- Reactive arthritis
Reactive arthritis is a form of arthritis that is caused by an infection.
It is a condition where the immune system mistakes the body’s own tissues as foreign invaders and attacks it.
The immune system attacks joints, which causes inflammation and pain.
Reactive arthritis can cause joint pain in any place where the infection has been contracted.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
- Joint pain –
- Swollen or stiff joints
- Muscle inflammation
Causes of Arthritis: How to Prevent Arthritis
Arthritis is the term used to describe more than 100 diseases affecting the joints.
Joints are where two or more bones meet.
The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which can affect both children and adults.
The following are some ways to prevent arthritis:
a) Maintain a healthy weight
b) Reduce stress levels by engaging in activities like yoga, meditation, or tai chi
c) Exercise regularly to maintain strong muscles around the joints
d) Eat healthy foods like vegetables and fruits that contain antioxidants
There are many different treatments for arthritis, such as physical therapy, medication, diet changes, weight loss, exercise, and more.
Physical therapists often recommend exercises such as swimming or cycling to relieve the pain caused by arthritis.
They also teach patients how to use equipment that can help with mobility such as walkers or wheelchairs.
Medical professionals may prescribe medications to reduce inflammation and pain.
However, these medications don’t cure it so they must be taken indefinitely in order to manage the condition.
Many people who have arthritis recommend trying a new diet because many foods can aggravate arthritis or lead to an increased risk of developing it.
Health Supplements that help prevent and treat arthritis:
There is one health supplement that is helping prevent and treat arthritis.
These capsules are manufactured by BF Suma of USA to help prevent and treat arthritis.
They also help maintain healthy joints.
How do GluzoJoint-F capsules work?
a) Improve cartilage metabolism in joint and inhibit joint degeneration process
b) Improve flexibility and relief from joint discomfort
c) Relieve joint pain
How do you get GluzoJoint-F Capsules in Kenya?
This is a network marketing product.
It means you can only buy from an official BF Suma distributor in Kenya.
You can get GluzoJoint-F Capsules by calling Maggie on 0720725469.
Maggie is a registered BF Suma distributor in Kenya and a member of dijitomarketing.com
BF Suma in Kayole:
For BF Suma customers in Kayole, you may find Steve at Perfect Beauty Products (dijitomarketing.com,) shop at Kayole corner, next to Barastore, and opposite Kayole Baptist church, Mugendi road.
You call or WhatsApp Steve on 0724 130 446
Thanks for your visit.
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Steve Wanjie is a digital marketing specialist, SEO Expert, expert article writer, blogger, sex educationist, and businessman. He is the founder of Dijito Marketing and Laikipo.com. He works and lives in Nairobi Kenya.